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[日期:2022-07-26]   来源: www.zhengdazikao.net  郑州大学自考  作者:郑州大学自考网   阅读: 79[字体: ]



答题时间:150 分钟  总题数:29 题 总分:100 分  类别:历年真题




Who Is James Bond?

The latest Bond film is an enormous box-office-(票房)hit. But who is James Bond? Where does he come from? Author Ian Fleming, the creator of James Bond, told us something about the origins of the world's most famous secret agent.

In the first Bond novel, lan Fleming told us that James Bond was the son of a Scottish father and an Asian mother. But perhaps this was not really true. The title of the 19th Bond film, "The World Is Not Enough," was based on the Latin motto of the Bond family, which is mentioned in one of the early novels. However, it now appears that the motto is not that of the Scottish Bonds, but that of a different Bond family, who came from England. So perhaps Bond is English, not Scottish.

Bond went to Eton College, the same school as his creator Ian Fleming. This is a school where young people learn how tomove in high society, like Bond does so well.

After leaving school, Bond did not go to university. He joined the British Secret Service. He soon got promoted to the top.

From then on he was 007, "licensed to kill", and so began a career which would take him to all the corners of the earth.

In the early days, Bond's role was quite clear. He was working for the West. His main enemies were men from the KGB and other dangerous organizations. Since the end of the Cold War, the role of the Service has changed and Bond's job profile has changed with it. Now his main enemies are the big bosses of organized crime and international terrorism.

Unlike the Cold War, organized crime is unlikely to come to an end. We can therefore be sure that James Bond, the bestknown English fictional hero of the 20th century, has many more adventures ahead of him.


詹姆斯·邦德是谁? 最新的邦德电影取得了巨大的票房成功(票房)。但谁是詹姆斯·邦德?他是哪里人?詹姆斯·邦德的创造者、作家 伊恩·弗莱明为我们讲述了这位世界上最著名的特工的起源。

在第一部邦德小说中,伊恩·弗莱明告诉我们,詹姆斯·邦德的父亲是苏格兰人,母亲是亚洲人。但也许事实并非如此。第19部邦德电影的名字《世界不够》(The World Is Not Enough)是根据早期小说中提到的邦德家族的 拉丁语座右铭改编的。然而,现在看来,这句格言不是苏格兰邦德家族的,而是来自英格兰的另一个邦德家族的。所以邦德可能是英格兰人,而不是苏格兰人。

邦德曾就读于伊顿公学,与他的创造者伊恩·弗莱明就读于同一所学校。这是一所让年轻人学习如何进入上流 社会的学校,就像邦德所做的那样。


从那时起,他就成了有杀人 执照007,从此开始了他的职业生涯,他的职业生涯遍及世界各个角落。

在早期,邦德的角色非常明确。他为西方工作。他的主要敌人是来自克格勃和其他危险组织的人。冷战结束 后,特勤局的角色发生了变化,邦德的工作也随之改变。现在他的主要敌人是有组织犯罪和国际恐怖主义的 大头目。


与冷战不同,有组织犯罪不太可能结束。因此,我们可以肯定,20世纪最著名的英国虚构英雄詹姆斯·邦德 (James Bond)还有更多的冒险等着他。


1The new Bond film made much money for its producer.

A true 

B false

C Not






2Ian Fleming directed the latest film about James Bood.

A true

B false

C Not Given



Not Given-没有给


3"The World Is Not Enough"is the name of novel.

A true

B false

C Not Given





4Bond is unable to move in high society.

A true

B false

C Not Given





5Bond went to university before he became a secret agent

A true

B false

C Not Given


6The British Secret Service gave Bond many awards.

A true

B false

C Not Given



ot Given-不给


7Bond went to many parts of the world because of his job.

A true

B false

C Not Given





8Bond fought against many dangerous organizations.

A true

B false

C Not Given





9We can expect more adventurous stories about Bond.

A true

B false

C Not Given





10This text tells about the personality of James Bond.

A true

B false

C Not Given





Universal Gestures

Gestures for victory, defeat and stress are almost the same in all countries. On the front page of a newspaper we often see the picture of people holding their head in shock. People put their hands on their head or over their mouth when they look on a scene with shock or horror. Chris Ulrich is an expert on body language. He said that covering your mouth or putting your hands on your head helps make you feel safer from perceived threat. By covering part of your face you can feel hidden from the shocking event. Additionally these reactions can help a person comfort himself through touch. Ulrich said it is a self comforting gesture to help people in the moment. In times of strong anxiety, people will twist their hands to calm themselves. Ulrich said it is a reaction people often have when they are in front of an audience or nervous. "It's a comfort for them that they'll get through it," said Ulrich. He relates that gesture to a parent trying to calm a child. Most athletes react to victories or defeats with specific behaviors. A 2008 study examined pictures of judo competitors during the 2008 Olympic Games. They were from different countries, but they showed similar behaviors when they won a match. The winners would throw their head back or raise their hands in triumph. Ulrich said these victory behaviors are a way winners"explode" out and take up more space. However, if an athlete suffers a loss, he will act in a way that makes him physically smaller, such as hanging his head. "When you lose, you want to disappear,"said Ulrich. The study also found that the judo competitors had the same behavior when they lost.



胜利、失败和压力的手势在所有国家几乎都是一样的。 在报纸的头版上,我们经常看到人们震惊地抱着头的照片。当人们看到震惊或恐惧的场景时,他们会把手放 在头上或嘴上。 克里斯·乌尔里希是肢体语言方面的专家。他说,捂住嘴或把手放在头上会让你在感受到威胁时感到更安全。 遮住一部分脸,你会感觉自己被隐藏起来了。此外,这些反应可以帮助人们通过触摸来安慰自己。李晶说, 这是一种帮助人们的自我安慰的姿态。 在强烈焦虑的时候,人们会扭动双手让自己平静下来。李晶说,这是人们在观众面前或紧张时经常会有的反 应。李晶说:“他们会度过难关,这对他们来说是一种安慰。他将这个手势与一位试图安抚孩子的家长联系起 来。 大多数运动员对胜利或失败的反应都是特定的行为。2008年的一项研究调查了2008年奥运会期间柔道选手的 照片。他们来自不同的国家,但他们在赢得比赛时表现出相似的行为。胜利者会仰着头或举起手以示胜利。 李晶说,这些胜利行为是赢家爆发并占据更多空间的一种方式。 然而,如果一个运动员遭受了损失,他会以一种让他的身体更小的方式行动,比如垂下他的头。当你输了, 你就想消失,李晶说。研究还发现,柔道选手在输掉比赛时也有同样的行为。


11、 People put their hands over their mouth to ______.

A avoid a danger

B gain self-comfort

C hide their shock

D show their anxiety



gain self-comfort-获得自我安慰


12People tend to twist their hands when they are ______.

A depressed

B angry

C shocked

D nervous


当他们是______的时候,人们往往会扭曲他们的双手。 nervous-紧张


13In Paragraph 4, "that gesture"refers to ______.

A shaking one's hands

B covering one's face

C twisting one's hands

D rubbing one's face



twisting one's hands-扭曲一个人的手


14Judo winners often act in a way that makes them ______.

A occupy more space

B appear physically smaller

C obtain more respect

D become more competitive



occupy more space-占用更多的空间


15The judo losers would ______.

A raise their arms

B lower their heads

C beat their chests

D sit on their knees



lower their heads-降低他们的头


16Little Steps, Big Reward


① More than 145 million Americans take walking as part of their exercise, according to a recent report. That's 15 million more people walking than last year. Many places in America have reported an increase in walking. But most of the walkers are found in big cities like New York.

② Despite the increase in walking, only about 30% of Americans say they have at least 3 hours to take exercise a week. Our society been conditioned to be inactive. People rely on modern conveniences and become lazy. The inactive lifestyle has a negative aspect. We are more likely to be in poor health like overweight, which will threaten our life span.That's where walking comes in.

③ Walking is the best way to improve our health. Just 30 minutes of regular quick walking can help lose weight. At the same time, it can help lower the risk of heart disease and some cancers, and improve our blood pressure. If 30 minutes is too much, we may divide it into three 10-minute parts during the day. Most of us can find 10 minutes if we really try.

④  Walking requires only a pair of shoes and suits any schedules. Keep a pair of sport shoes at work. If you have a few minutes of free time, make use of them to take a quick walk. Even if you go to a health club several times week, you can still look for ways to be active while at work. It may be walking downstairs for a direct talk rather than sending an email.

⑤  Small efforts can make a big difference. But the hardest part for us is getting started. It's usually like this. When people get to a comfort level of walking for 10 minutes, they might think about trying 11 minutes. That first step is really worthy.



A.The key to walking is getting started.

B. Walking is the first step to making changes.

C. The advantage of walking is its simplicity.

D. Walking is a great way for health improvement.

E. More Americans take up walking than before.

F. Modern lifestyle affects our health negatively.


16 Paragraph①:  E  


17 【填空题】 (总分1)

Paragraph②:  F  

18 【填空题】 (总分1)

Paragraph③:   D  

19 【填空题】 (总分1)

Paragraph④:  C  


20 【填空题】 (总分1)

Paragraph⑤:   A   

21 【填空题】 (总分1)

Reports say that the walkers are mostly from  D   


22 【填空题】 (总分1)


Many diseases are largely caused by __B____.


23 【填空题】 (总分1)


We can keep healthy by taking _E_____.


24 【填空题】 (总分1)


We can take a quick walk downstairs for _F_____.


25 【填空题】 (总分1)


When feeling good after a 10-minute walk __C____.



26 【填句补文题】 (总分10)

North Africa

Africa is the second largest continent on Earth. It is about 8,000 kilometers long from north to south. It can be divided into three major regions: northern Africa, central Africa,and southern Africa. ___26___

Africa is separated from Europe by the Mediterranea Sea(地中海). It is connected to Asia in the east. For this reason, it has been easy for people from Europe, Asia and other areas to come to North Africa. ___27___

Most of North Africa is covered by the Sahara Desert. ___28___ There is little rainfall here. The few people who live in the desert live in oases(绿洲). The valley of the Nile River forms one of the oases that stretch across the desert in the east.

Many North African nations have a very important resource. They have large deposits of petroleum. ___29___ In return,these nations receive a lot of money. They are spending some of this money to make life better for their people.

Egypt is an important nation in North Africa. ___30___ It has served as a bridge between Africa and Asia. People from many nations have passed through Egypt. Today, it controls the Suez Canal. The canal connects the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. It is important for ships traveling between nations in Europe and Asia.


A. It has always been a great barrier to people traveling south.

B. This oil is shipped to many parts of the world.

C. Each region has its special geography and history.

D. Asia is much larger than Europe.

E. All these people have left their influence there.

F. About 40 million people live there today.


正确答案是: [解析] C E A B F


27 【填词补文题】 (总分15)

Learning from Mistakes

Lots of people dont' dare to make mistakes. They fear that they will be blamed by others or lose their money and ___31___.

Therefore, they are under lot of stress. But risks are unavoidable and they do ___32___ the way towards success. Have you ever heard of someone who achieves success without making any mistakes?

So it is ___33___ that making mistakes in your effort to realize your ___34___ is considered must. You shouldn't worry about making mistakes as you may get a lot of ___35___ from them. By making mistakes you can ___36___ between the correct and the ___37___ things you did. Anthony D'Angelo said, "In order to succeed you must fail, so that you know what to do the next time. "Robert Stevenson even went to the ___38___ as to say, "Our business in life is not to succeed, but to continue to___39___ in good spirits."

You needn't worry about anything as long as you keep on going by ___40___ learning from your mistakes and trying even harder.


A. extreme

B. discover

C. distinguish

D. advantages

E. fail

F. belongings

G. recently

H. natural

I. pave

J. incorrect

K. wisely

L. Dreams


正确答案是: [解析] 31-35FIHLD 36-40: CJAEK



28 【填词补文题】 (总分15)

Interlaken, Switzerland

The sound of cow bells ringing across Interlaken's grassland is comforting(comfort). Climbing up the nearby mountains is also___41___ (enjoy). So is skiing down them.the town of Interlaken is ___42___ (locate)in a beautiful setting between two lakes.

It is also close to the ___43___ (mountain) villages. The outdoor possibilities are ___44___ (end)around Interlaken in summer and winter. They range from sailing, skiing, to climbing or just ___45___ (relax) in a pool. People can enjoy boating in the summer. They can also take ___46___ (please) in skiing in the winter. This place is perfect choice for people if they like ice climbing or ___47___ (roll) down a hill inside a ball. It meets ___48___ everyone's needs.

Foreigners are not allowed to buy ___49___ (house)in Interlaken. But they can buy one in nearby villages. Many ___50___(retire)people consider Interlaken a great place to settle around.














29 【作文题】 (总分30)


某英语学习报征集一篇题为“My Favorite Chinese Festival”的稿件。






My Favorite Chinese Festiva

I am writing about Chinese New Year's Day. It is the beginning of a year. There are different ways to celebrate.

such as singing and dancing. When it comes to different ways to celebrate, the majority of people believe that they have their own benefits.

Faced with different ways to celebrate, different people have different choices. On the one hand, some people like singing because it is more meaningful. On the other hand, other people prefer dancing because it is more enjoyable. Everyone can choose what he likes.

As far as I am concerned, I like singing because it is more meaningful. I hope you can enjoy it, as it is indeed good for us.



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